What you might not know about Oktoberfest
Million times read on the network and heard about this event. It would be interesting to look at all this live! In the meantime, here they are reading about the features and interesting pieces of the Bavarian beer festival.
In the days of its holding, up to ten thousand people in folk costumes from all regions of Bavaria pass through the city. The opening of the Oktoberfest is broadcast on television, and not only by the regional Bavarian channel, but also by the First German Television (ARD) throughout Germany. In installed 14 large beer pavilions, tents and more than two dozen small pavilions can accommodate up to 119 thousand visitors. And the total number of Oktoberfest visitors in recent years is up to 6.5 million people.
Especially for the holiday, Deutsche Welle prepared a list of 60 interesting facts regarding the history of the famous Oktoberfest, so that there was something to surprise the interlocutors with a mug or two of beer in any corner of the globe.
1. “Oktoberfest” in Munich is the biggest not only beer, but also a national holiday in the world.
2. In two weeks, Oktoberfest has been visited by more than six million people. The year 1985 was a record year, when more than seven million visitors visited it.
3. The appearance of the Munich beer festival is due not to the Bavarian national drink, that is, beer, but to the wedding of the future King of Bavaria, crown prince Ludwig I and Princess Theresa in October 1810.
4. Even the most avid Oktoberfest fans are unlikely to know or be able to call the bride's full name without hesitation, but we still try: Teresa Charlotte Louise Friederika Amalia Saxe-Guildburggauzenskaya.
5. The wedding of Ludwig and Theresa celebrated the whole week. The celebrations ended with exponential horse races on antique chariots.The venue for these races was a field on the outskirts of Munich.
6. On October 17, 1810, about 30 thousand people gathered in this field - almost the entire population of Munich, which then had 40 thousand inhabitants. The national holiday on the occasion of the wedding of the Bavarian heir to the success was a success. The people were delighted.
7. The next day, the bridegroom’s father, Bavarian King Maximilian I, ordered the field to be named after the bride Theresienwiese and supported the idea to hold such races here every year in memory of this joyful event in the dynastic history of the Wittelsbach family.
8. The following, in 1811, the holiday was celebrated for two days in a row. From year to year the scale of "Oktoberfest" increased. He came to Munich to his liking.
9. In 1818, a carousel was installed for the first time in order to entertain the public in the Oktoberfest. It was the right step in the right direction. Now there are almost 170 different rides here: from the observation wheel to the roller coaster.
10. For more than two centuries of its existence, Oktoberfest was canceled or modestly held 24 times. First abolished in 1813 because of the Napoleonic occupation, in 1873 - because of cholera, in 1923 - because of hyperinflation, and in 1914-1918 and 1939-1945 - because of world wars.
eleven.The traditions of the modern “Oktoberfest” took shape somewhere at the end of the 19th century. Then it was decided to start this two-week holiday earlier, in September, capturing only the first October weekend, for the sake of warmer weather.
12. The races on chariots at Oktoberfest have not been satisfied for a long time, but the festival opens with a colorful procession around the city, in which groups in folk costumes and horse carts loaded with wooden beer barrels participate. They broadcast this procession to the whole of Germany.
13. In real life, large metal tanks have come to replace wooden barrels for a long time, and for the uninterrupted supply of the largest beer tent with a capacity of ten thousand visitors, a 250-meter underground pipeline was even laid on the Oktoberfest.
14. The pipeline is used to pump beer, cooled to four degrees Celsius, from a huge cistern of 100 thousand liters installed next door, outside Meadow Teresa.
15. Beer is delivered to other tents in tank trucks with a volume of 3,000 to 12,000 liters. On one flight from a brewery, such a machine may take up to nine hours to get to a place, sneak through crowds of visitors and siphon strategic cargo into local tanks.
sixteen.In total, on the meadow of Teresa for Oktoberfest, almost a dozen large beer tents are installed and more than two dozen smaller pavilions.
17. All beer tents and pavilions of the Oktoberfest in Munich can accommodate almost 120 thousand guests at once.
18. Although Oktoberfest is considered an international holiday, the share of foreign visitors is no more than 20 percent. Most are Bavarians, residents of Munich and the surrounding area.
19. Guests from the USA, Great Britain, Austria, France and Switzerland are in the lead among foreign visitors. According to the organizers, last year guests from 65 countries of the world visited here.
20. One billion euros - Oktoberfest visitors spend about two weeks in Munich on beer, fried chickens, sausages, hotels, taxis, public transport, shopping, souvenirs, entertainment, and other immediate needs and other excesses.
21. About ten years ago, some businessmen wanted to launch a bus shuttle between Lug Teresa and the largest Munich brothel, but at the last minute the authorities decided not to coordinate the route, that is, they did not give permission.
22. About the prices in brothels can not say anything,but the rates for hotel rooms in Munich during the Oktoberfest are almost doubled. Last year, they averaged 280 euros per room.
23. Advertising and lobbying are prohibited on the territory of the Oktoberfest. In 2006, this ban violated Paris Hilton. She tried to advertise sparkling wine in aluminum cans, for which she was declared persona non grata at Oktoberfest.
24. Of course, real champagne at Oktoberfest, if desired, can also be found and drunk (140 euros per bottle, a simple sparkling one — 40 euros), but from glasses, not from aluminum cans. Beer is poured into weighty liter mugs - Maß or Maßkrug.
25. For the “Oktoberfest” in Munich, a special kind of beer is brewed, a little stronger than the traditional one. One liter mug of such a beer, according to local experts, is equivalent to eight piles of schnapps. Stacks, however, are different. We will not check.
26. Guests of Oktoberfest drank a record amount of beer in 2014 - 7.7 million liters, that is, an average of 1.2 cups per brother ... sister, other family members and other visitors.
27. In 2018, a liter beer at Oktoberfest will cost from 10.70 to 11.50 euros.In 2002, when here, instead of the German mark, they began to pay in a single European currency, the circle cost 6.30 - 6.80 euros, and in the very distant 1971 - less than three marks.
28. After settling foam demand topping up beer? Allowed underfilling per liter mug at Oktoberfest is 100 milliliters. Consumer advocates are trying to fight this generous rule, who calculated that in two weeks visitors pay 5.4 million euros for an underpowered beer.
29. Germany still recalls the words of the former Bavarian Prime Minister Günther Beckstein, who in 2008 quite seriously stated that after two liters of beer, slowly drunk in six to seven hours, it’s quite possible to drive home.
30. Very important information not only for Oktoberfest visitors. In Germany, the border for drivers is 0.5 ppm. In the event of an accident, an aggravating factor is a level of 0.3 ppm of alcohol in the blood.
31. Almost every second Oktoberfest visitor gets to Meadow Therese by train - about three million passengers. Only on city trains (S-Bahn) - 100 thousand people per day.The Deutsche Bahn schedule at this time included about 500 additional trains.
32. Bavarian is a difficult language. When during the “Oktoberfest” you will meet the word “Wiesn” everywhere, do not be surprised: this is not a typo, but a Bavarian version of the German word “Wiese”. “Go to the meadow” (Auf die Wiesn gehen) means “Go to Oktoberfest”.
33. In total, about 13 thousand people work at the festival - waiters, bartenders, cooks, security guards, operators of amusement rides, and so on.
34. Each waiter passes for a shift, on average, about 10 kilometers. On weekdays, he carries around 100 liter beers, on weekends - up to 300 mugs. Plus, other drinks and different dishes like fried chicken (10-12 euros) and sausages (7-8 euros).
35. At a time, the waiters usually spread around 10-12 liter mugs. An empty mug weighs at least 1.3 kilograms (some are more massive) + a liter of beer in each = up to 27.6 kilograms.
36. Oliver Stryumpfel has been the champion in lifting and carrying weight among waiters at the Oktoberfest for many years. In 2017, he broke his own record. The official jury counted 29 full mugs weighing over 70 kilograms. True, he overturned two on the way.
37The average salary of waiters for two weeks of hard work at Oktoberfest amounts to about 5,500 euros, including tips.
38. Since 1956, on the Oktoberfest, one day in the morning, Catholic worship is held, primarily for those who work here. Participants of the service can not only pray, but also baptize children, and children can take the first communion.
39. Many employees of firms and attractions working at Oktoberfest have been living here for several weeks with their families. According to the law, during school hours, the children are required to attend classes, and they do. About 40 of these students temporarily go to the next two schools.
40. The German postal concern Deutsche Post opens a special post office in Luga Tereza. In two weeks of the “Oktoberfest”, about 130 thousand postcards, letters, parcels and wrappers are received and processed here. In the latter, usually send souvenirs.
41. To reduce the amount of garbage, at Oktoberfest, several years ago, they refused to use disposable tableware, after which the volume of garbage was halved to about 120 tons.
42. The Festival, which is visited by six million people in need in the toilets.In total, there are about 900 urinals in the Oktoberfest area and almost 1,000 seats in booths that can be used by visitors of all genders.
43. Those who are trying to relieve themselves in the wrong place will be fined at Oktoberfest - up to 1000 (!) Euros. If you're lucky, only 100 euros. The police impose it, you must pay immediately.
44. Oktoberfest has its first-aid station. Up to 15 doctors and 150 orderlies from the Red Cross are on duty at the same time. Total during the holiday - about 2300 people. Most work on a voluntary basis.
45. In 2017, about 7,000 guests applied for medical assistance during the Oktoberfest. Half of them were helped by orderlies, the other half required the help of doctors, including emergency surgery, in 1883 cases.
46. A record among medical teams was established in 2017: 28 outgoing calls per shift and 32 kilometers on foot across the Oktoberfest with emergency backpacks and gurney.
47. The number of patients with severe alcohol intoxication during the Oktoberfest 2017 was 670 people, of which ten were teenagers under the age of 16 years.Most of these patients were able to leave the medical center in one to two hours.
48. Oktoberfest guests who drank too much beer are brought to the medical unit on special gurneys protected from prying eyes with yellow covers. Popularly, these wheelchairs are called “bananas” (“Banane”), “meadow taxis” (“Wiesntaxi”) or “yellow coffins” (“gelber Sarg”).
49. Some tipsy visitors and visitors joyfully throw off clothes, scattering wardrobe items in different directions - until they remain, what the mother gave birth to. At the "Oktoberfest" for such unfortunate exhibitionists in disposable pants.
50. Although a keepsake mug can be bought at souvenir kiosks, some Oktoberfest visitors try to carry theirs out of the tent for free. Approximately 120-130 thousand times during the holiday, such attempts are prevented by the guards, in some years this figure exceeds two hundred thousand.
51. In two weeks, Oktoberfest visitors eat about 120 bulls and 60 calves cooked on a spit. Pork sausages - about 350 thousand, fried chicken - twice as much, rolls - about 80 thousand. Figures change from year to year, but impressive scales remain.
52.During the last holiday at the Oktoberfest, five children and fourteen teenagers were found and returned to their parents. In recent years, the number of such cases decreases due to the proliferation of mobile phones.
53. In 2017, more than 4000 items were handed over to the lost and found office at Oktoberfest, among them 1300 documents, 620 items of clothing, 600 wallets, 520 phones, as well as keychains, umbrellas, bags, cameras and so on. About 1000 of them managed to return to the owners.
54. Among the unusual things that were handed over to the Oktoberfest lost property office in 2017 were two rowing oars, a children's car seat, two instruments for measuring blood sugar, a crutch, two wedding rings, one car license plate and a tenor horn.
55. Not all residents of the Bavarian capital are delighted when they hear about Oktoberfest. About 27 thousand Munich even take a special vacation at this time to go away from the city.
56. The number of places for tents on the territory of Oktoberfest is limited. A license to install costs two million euros, but you can only get this permission if someone from the organizers of the holiday decides to leave Oktoberfest. Waiting time - about 20 years.
57.“Oktoberfest” is considered officially open after the acting mayor of Munich uncorks the first 200-liter barrel - beats a special wooden hammer into it with a tap for dispensing beer. For the first time such a ceremony took place in 1950.
58. Christian Ude (2005, 2008, 2013) and Dieter Reiter (2015, 2016) made the most masterful blows the fastest. The most strikes — 17 or even 19 — were required during the first such ceremony in 1950 to Thomas Wimmere to drive a crane.
59. Having driven a crane and filling the first mug, even without waiting for foam sludge, the Mayor of Munich must notify the public by shouting in the Bavarian dialect “O’zapft is!” - “Nalito!”. One mayor in the 1970s disgraced himself by confusing the vowels: “I’zapft os!”. This is still remembered.
60. In 1896, the 17-year-old Albert Einstein worked on Theresa’s meadow during the preparation of the Oktoberfest. The future Nobel Prize winner screwed in here the light bulbs that were supplied by his father’s company, Hermann Einstein, one of the pioneers of electrical engineering in Germany.