The use of agricultural. technology in different countries
The modern world can not be imagined without agricultural technology. The increasing demands of the world's population are possible in part thanks to the emergence and development of agriculture. technology. The whole world is interested in having an agricultural market. technology developed at the fastest pace. Every year, more and more operations that people used to perform before machines, the service life of equipment increases, its productivity and power consumption are reduced - all these are the main areas in which the agricultural sphere moves.
Benefits. The main advantages of using agricultural machinery are:
- High profitability for investors
- Reduced labor demand
- High speed work
The only requirements for technology are the need to locate cars and fuel consumption somewhere.Among other things, working machinery pollutes the environment, therefore the main direction of agricultural development. Technology is the reduction of fuel consumption or the transition to alternative energy sources.
The main division is agricultural. technology can be carried out in areas in which it is used:
- In agriculture
- In animal husbandry
- In amelioration
- Auxiliary views
- Most of all technology is used in agriculture (about 10 units for 3 units of equipment from other areas).
Kinds. In 2011, the most common types of equipment in Russia were calculated and tractors became the leader (almost 300 thousand units). The expected leader, since the tractor is the most versatile tool in agriculture. Thanks to the ability to attach various trailers to the tractor (plow, harrow, cultivator, hillers), it became the main agricultural equipment not only in Russia, but throughout the world. At the second place are the seeders (about 150 thousand units), cultivators (120), combines (100), plows (80), mowers (40), milking machines (30).
Manufacturers.According to the ranking of the best producers of agricultural machinery in 2004, the best manufacturer is John Deere, located in the USA.The top ten includes manufacturers from the USA and from European countries (Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Norway).
Market.An analysis of the world market for agricultural machinery shows that the countries of the Asia-Pacific region are leading the world market for agricultural machinery. The constantly growing world population (by 2050, a population of 9.5 billion is expected) and an increase in per capita income requires the constant development of agricultural machinery. A special role in this development is played by the government. Without their help in the form of loans, development is impossible. For example, in India, the government has given a $ 127 billion loan to a community of farmers.
Making predictions for the future, we can assume that over time human labor in agriculture will be less and less in demand and the influence of technology will only grow. Therefore, an urgent task for all those involved in this area is the safety of the environment when creating new means of agricultural equipment. selhoztehnika.net