The right choice of soil for the aquarium

The right choice of soil for the aquarium

The right choice of soil for the aquarium
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For novice aquarists, first of all it is important to choose the right aquarium for their future pets. The question of how to choose the soil for the aquarium, in front of them rises quite rarely. Not everyone knows that a lot depends on the ground.

It is the most important factor in ensuring biological balance. When the choice is made correctly, the fish in the aquarium will be healthy and active, the water quality must comply with the standards, and the plants will grow well. To avoid having to start all over again, you should know a few important rules, which will be discussed below.

Importance of choice

what aquarium soil to chooseAn aquarium without soil always looks somewhat unnatural, although this option is often used today. In addition, the soil is an important component in the ecosystem of the aquarium, in which many microorganisms live, including a tubule. They are necessary for feeding the fish and processing the products of their vital activity.

Also attached to it most of the plants. A nutrient base for an aquarium, enriched with peat or clay, is necessary for growth. Another important fact is that filtration processes take place in the ground, due to which particles of turbidity are trapped in it. Its decorative function is also invaluable, as it gives a special characteristic look to an aquarium. A certain role is also played by the soil for direct breeding of fish.

Therefore, the correct choice is very important and the question of what kind of soil for the aquarium to choose, must be approached with the utmost seriousness. After all, shallow soil can interfere with the circulation of water, the sharp edges of a large fish can get hurt, and the content of harmful impurities can be poisoned. Which soil is better for an aquarium will be described in detail below.

Beautiful variety

All the huge variety of beautiful, multi-colored soils for the aquarium can be divided into three main groups:

  • soil for plants in an aquariumnatural - in the form of sand, pebbles, gravel and rubble;
  • artificial - made of special glass or plastic;
  • chemical nature or obtained as a result of machining.

I would like to dwell separately on the very first group. Sand is the name of the soil, the size of which does not exceed 1 millimeter. Special demand sand river. But its main drawback is that it lays too tightly on the bottom of the aquarium. This prevents water from penetrating through the strata, as a result of which the process of decay often begins.

Also, in case of random agitation, the sand “will give” to water a lot of hydrogen sulfide, ammonia and even methane, which are dangerous not only for fish, but also for plants. A more suitable option would be a pebble, the size of which varies from 6 millimeters and above. But even here there are a couple of drawbacks, among which it is possible to single out, the fact that such a soil looks very unnatural and heterogeneous.

During the feeding process, a certain amount of feed can accumulate between the pebbles. Also, the sharp edges of pebbles often cut fish. Therefore, it is best to stop your choice on rolled gravel, which has round grains with a diameter of not more than 5 millimeters. This interesting soil for the aquarium with your own hands can be done. It is enough to collect it on the slopes of rivers or ravines, wash well and process.

Be careful when using marble, shell rock or coral sand as gravel. Despite the fact that it is quite stylish and very beautiful, later this can be regretted, since they often contain calcium carbonate. In water, acidic or soft, it gradually dissolves and increases its hardness. To know for sure, you can test to conduct a special test.where to buy soil for the aquarium

To do this, on the gravel enough to splash a little table vinegar. If bubbles or foam begin to appear, the result is positive. The best option would be feldspar or quartz, which do not require any additional checks. It is also better to choose a black primer for the aquarium, on which the fish will look better than on white, where they will simply fade. In addition, the white color is very easily soiled and over time can lose its appeal.

Proper handling and location

When the soil has already been selected and purchased, a special treatment may be needed before placing it in the aquarium if the result of the calcium test was positive. Impurities will need to be dissolved with hydrochloric acid.To do this, the ground must be poured into the basin and for a couple of hours to fill it with acid. Then within half an hour everything is washed under running water.

how much soil in the aquarium pourTo do this, pour the soil into the bucket and place it in the basin. This kind of a way to avoid the ingress of small particles into the sewage system when flushing in the bathroom. All of them simply fall into the basin. The washing process should be carried out only with warm water and regardless of whether the treatment was carried out or not. Careful mixing is also necessary so that small particles of earth and clay are washed away.

All this will allow the water in the aquarium to remain transparent for a long time. Some aquarists also recommend boiling or sanitizing, but this is not necessary. After all the procedures are completed, you can move the ground into the tank, which will function as an aquarium. Only it should be enriched with fine-grained substances for plant nutrition. We should not forget that this soil loves the pipe maker, preferring to dig into it.

Lay the soil need an even layer. If it is assumed the content of fish that will actively swarm in it, then the location is possible and tilted.The question of how much soil is needed can be answered that a layer thickness of 6 or 7 centimeters is enough for the root system of the plants to develop normally and the fish to be satisfied.

Periodic cleaning

Periodically required to siphon the soil in the aquarium. This procedure is performed using special siphons from pet shops and is simply necessary for the purification of the soil. But few know how to siphon the ground correctly. For a start, you need an optimal siphon diameter, in the tube of which no soil particles or tubule will get stuck.

You will also need a bucket into which water will flow. It must be located below the level of the aquarium so that the force of the water flow captures only the dirt, and not the ground itself. You should be careful in places where there are plants and try not to capture the inhabitants of the aquarium. Places where there is a pipemaker is also better to go around, leaving him to feed the fish.

Foreign manufacturers offer a good siphon with an electric motor that cleans without a bucket, and clean water immediately returns. But regardless of the siphon used, the ground cannot be completely cleaned in this way. It will still occasionally have to be removed from the aquarium, washed and returned.

Simple and affordable

The easiest and most affordable soil is ordinary garden soil. But just about this today, the opinions of aquarists differ. Some argue that land use will cause water pollution and fish death. But others say that such a soil can exist in an aquarium for years. In addition, you can make it yourself, and it will cost inexpensive.

The most important thing is that you will need to add calcium carbonate (marble, chalk, shell) to the ground and immediately plant more plants. Water in the aquarium with the ground must be poured very carefully so as not to erode the soil. It should also be noted that active, digging ground fish, will not work here. But on the other hand, such a soil can be chosen by a pipe maker who is able to create whole colonies.

Many future aquarists, before starting a fish, are actively looking for periodicals and the Internet for information on how to choose the best soil for an aquarium. And they do it right, because it is the ground that is the important component on which depends not only the beautiful appearance of the whole aquarium, but also the health of its inhabitants.

It is not necessary to buy ready-made soil.It is allowed to do it yourself. You should never be ashamed to ask any questions of interest to professionals who will gladly share their valuable experience with newcomers. It is enough to make the right choice in order to later enjoy healthy, fun fish swimming in a beautiful and clean aquarium.

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  • The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium

    The right choice of soil for the aquarium