The main signs of spleen disease
It is located in the left upper part of the human abdominal cavity and is located close enough to the skin. That is why the unpleasant symptoms most often occur with traumatic abdominal lesions.
The list of prerequisites for pain leads such reasons as:
- a strong blow to the peritoneum;
- car accident in which the defeat of the spleen may be imperceptible at first;
- puncture of the body with a sharp object;
- muscle strain during exercise;
- the fall of a man from a great height.
In this case, the spleen may undergo a rupture or be covered with a multitude of microtraumas. The result is always the same - the body ceases to fulfill its purpose and greatly increases in size.
The symptoms of spleen injury are very unpleasant - they begin with sharp piercing pain that does not subside even when stationary.Behind it decreases blood pressure, which leads to the appearance of weakness, the occurrence of dizziness and nausea.
If the causes of organ damage include injuries, for about an hour a person has sticky sweat, there is a strong chill that cannot be relieved even in a warm room. Over the next 2–3 hours after a spleen injury, signs of tachycardia appear, followed by angina pectoris, followed by loss of consciousness.
Such symptoms may mean that within 5–6 hours a person will develop renal and heart failure, threatening him with a fatal outcome.
Other types of lesions of the spleen
Doctors distinguish another group of reasons for why the spleen hurts, which are represented by non-traumatic diseases.
Heart attack organ
In about 50% of cases, pain is the cause of the circulatory disorders of the organ caused by blockage of the great vessels.
The symptoms of infarction of the spleen are quite specific and not like the manifestations of other diseases. The pain appears in the left side and gradually moves under the scapula, towards the shoulder, as well as in the lower abdomen and on the back closer to the spine.In the spleen, deprived of blood circulation, necrotic processes begin, which is manifested in the appearance of strong attacks of unpleasant sensations, which lead to septic shock during the day.
Since the organ is close enough to the wall of the peritoneum, with various injuries, abscesses can occur on it. The pain in this case will be very acute, paroxysmal, accompanied by periods of relief and the waves that follow even more acute sensations. Symptoms also include fever and a sharp increase in heart rate. After tachycardia, angina pectoris or shock may develop, which will require an urgent hospitalization of a person.
Spleen abscesses also occur as a side effect in the following diseases:
- typhoid fever;
The spleen hurts when it develops cysts. They can be congenital or acquired as a result of injuries - in this case, the symptoms occur quite rarely and go away by themselves, however, over a period of several years, the frequency and severity of the attacks usually increases.
The causes of pain in the spleen can be represented by parasitic cysts formed as a result of infection with cysticercus, alveococci, echinococcus - their symptoms are characterized by the presence of urticaria and itching in the left upper side of the abdomen.
There is also the likelihood of the appearance of other neoplasms in the spleen - tumors of the blood vessels, connective tissue or lymphatic ducts. Regardless of whether a malignant or benign tumor, without regular inspection, it can only be detected with very strong growth.
Since the spleen is located in the bloodstream at a short distance from the lungs and kidneys, in case of tuberculous damage of these organs, the disease can spread to it. The pain in this case is dull, aching, especially noticeable at night.
Signs of tuberculosis of the spleen - excessive sweating, frequent chills, occurring sharply in a warm room, as well as disruption of the digestive system. Often a serious illness is accompanied by serious sleep disorders, including insomnia, lasting for several days.
What to do?
Regardless of why the spleen hurts, a person needs urgent medical care.To reduce the intensity of pain and slow down septic processes, ice or another cold object should be applied to the left side. It is prohibited to give painkillers for splenic lesions, because they can disrupt the picture of the disease and greatly complicate the diagnosis.
The first thing to do is to call the doctor and tell him about all the symptoms so that the ambulance team can prepare for the necessary procedures. Before the arrival of specialists, the patient should be held in any way by consciousness, since a shock and coma may follow for fainting. When performing cold sticky sweat, you should give a person a warm drink and wipe it off with a sponge at room temperature.
Regardless of the reason that caused the severe pain, a person is taken to the hospital and a number of examinations are done, among which ultrasound is the most important.As a rule, treatment is limited to the introduction of special drugs that improve blood formation, as well as reduce the burden on the spleen, giving it a "rest."
However, in case of severe injuries and septic lesions, the doctor may recommend removal of the spleen, which will affect the future lifestyle of the person.