Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent

Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent

general description

Sumamed belongs to the group of macrolides that do not directly kill microorganisms. These antibiotics, which are also called substances of a wide range of effects, inhibit the proliferation of bacteria, stopping their production of a specific protein necessary for reproduction.

As a result, the antibiotic completely destroys the infection, interrupting its life cycle. Such funds are also calledbacteriostatic antibioticsthanks to the mechanism of their work.

AzitroxThe drug is based on the well-known antibiotic azithromycin, whose analogues are sold under the namesAztreonam, Hemomitsin, Azitroks. To improve absorption by the body and ensure greater safety, it is produced in the form of a dihydrate, which is easily absorbed by the intestinal walls and shows no activity in the digestive tract.

Thanks to this solution, Sumamed is indicated for use by all groups of patients - it can also be used to treat children older than one year, including for tonsillitis and other colds,often manifested with a weakened immunity.

Indications

Sore throat womanMost often, Sumamed, like other antibiotics related to broad-spectrum substances, is prescribed to treat colds. It and its analogues are usually used in case of sore throat, which is caused by bacterial strains possessing a rather strong sensitivity to azithromycin.In rare cases, when the infection is caused by another strain that does not have similar characteristics, the instructions for use prescribe to stop treatment 3-5 days after the discovery of its ineffectiveness.

In addition, Sumamed is shown not only for angina. It helps to treat other diseases of the respiratory tract - laryngitis, pharyngitis, sinusitis, antritis, which are caused by a bacterial lesion of the nasopharynx.

The antibiotic is especially effective in combating such diseases in children - the use of azithromycin-based antibiotics reduces the duration of unpleasant effects in angina to 5 days.

Another area of ​​application is severe lower respiratory tract infections, which include bronchitis, pneumonia and atypical pneumonia, including in the form of a complication of sore throat.

The girl examines the skin of the faceSumamed and its analogues should be used as one of the alternative methods of treating skin diseases. Like other antibiotics, which are derivatives of penicillin, it copes well with the infection of staphylococci and streptococci, which cause the appearance of white ulcers, ulcerative skin lesions and erysipelas.

Sometimes it is recommended to use it to get rid of black acne rash on the face, but for children this solution is unacceptable - in them the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics without unnecessary need may cause developmental disorders of the body as a result of toxic damage.

Sore lower belly girlAnother group of diseases that Sumamed copes well with are urogenital lesions caused by chlamydia and their varieties. Like the strains of sore throat, these bacteria are anaerobic, making them hard to respond to common antibacterial drugs. However, against such powerful antibiotics as Sumamed and its analogues, they have no natural protection. Instructions for use recommends the use of the drug for cystitis and urethritis caused by specific bacteria.

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Dosage

The antibiotic is available in three different forms, each of which is used in certain cases.

Capsules containing Sumamed in large doses, prescribed exclusively for adults - for children there is no analogue of this tool. Tablets containing azithromycin - any drug analogues can be used for adults and children over 10 years.

This tool is most often prescribed by doctors for sore throat and other colds.

Sumamed suspensionThe form of the most gentle action is the suspension, which is used to treat children due to the ease of dosing and minimal impact on the organs of the digestive system. In addition, unlike powerful antibiotics in any other form, the suspension can have different tastes, which makes it possible to give it to even very capricious children.

Antibiotic for colds consumed within three days.

For adults, apply tablets or capsules Sumamed, as well as their analogues of 500 mg with a total course dose of 1.5 grams. As a rule, broad-spectrum antibiotics are sold in pharmacies already in the finished dosage, in the form of 3 capsules, which must be taken 1 time a day one hour before the evening meal.This form of treatment is effective for tonsillitis and other lesions of the upper respiratory tract. It is desirable not to take other antibiotics of a similar mode of action, since their accumulated dose may cause toxic damage to the liver and kidneys.

Girl takes a suspensionFor children, a slightly different treatment regimen for sore throat and similar diseases is used. The required single dose in which the antibiotic is used is 125-250 mg - there are no tablets with such a mass of active substance. Therefore, Sumamed is used to treat acute colds in children in the form of a suspension that dissolves in water.

The antibiotic can be produced in solid or powdered form, which are quite easy to dissolve - for every 100 mg of the drug, you must use 5 ml of water, which corresponds to a teaspoon.

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Sumamed for children should be used only as directed by a physician, who will determine the effective dose depending on the type of bacteria that provoked the onset of the disease.

As a rule, the antibiotic for angina is prescribed 100 mg twice a day for three days. If you need a stronger effect, the dosage is doubled, but the antibiotic is taken in this case under the supervision of a doctor - there are no guaranteesthat children will not develop a severe allergic reaction or toxic damage to the internal organs.

Sumamed blue pills 500 mgSumamed in the highest dosage is used in the treatment of genital infections caused by anaerobic bacteria. The antibiotic is used in a threefold dose compared to that given for angina — the instructions for use imply a single dose of 1.5 grams of the drug for two days.

There is also a treatment method in which Sumamed or similar azithromycin-based antibiotics are taken once at a dosage of 3 grams, however, a strong drug may have a depressant effect on many systems of the body in this case - therefore, the antibiotic must be taken only under medical supervision.

For children, this scheme does not apply, since it is not possible to determine a clear dosage of the drug - softer antibacterial agents are used instead.

Contraindications and precautions

First of all, I would like to remind you that, like any other antibiotics, Sumamed cannot be prescribed on its own - especially for children.There is no guarantee that a wrong dosage or lack of indications will not lead to a significant deterioration in human health.

The instructions for use clearly and unequivocally indicate that the sale of this drug should be made exclusively by prescription to avoid cases of improper treatment.

Staphylococcus aureusIn case of sore throat or other colds, it is necessary to clearly determine which bacterium caused the disease before applying Sumamed - the antibiotic is ineffective against some types of bacteria that are resistant to penicillin. The antibiotic may not have any effect on most nosocomial infections, including Staphylococcus aureus, which is often found in mucosal smears in sore throat.

Also, if you have angina, you should not use Sumamed, if the disease is accompanied by complications that affect the heart, brain and kidneys - an antibiotic can aggravate the problems that have begun.

The antibiotic cannot be used in case of insufficient liver function, since in this case it will accumulate in the body, leading to toxic effects on most organ systems.

Woman holding an antibiotic pillAlso, this tool is not recommended to use for pregnant and lactating mothers - especially for angina and other colds that can be cured without using such a strong antibiotic. Also, the tool is prohibited to use for children under the age of one year.

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  • Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent

    Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent

    Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent

    Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent

    Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent

    Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent

    Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent

    Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent

    Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent

    Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent

    Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent Sumamed - a modern antibacterial agent