Sea of Okhotsk has become entirely Russian
The Sea of Okhotsk has become completely Russian. An area of 50 thousand kilometers, which was previously considered to be international waters, was transferred to our country - this is what the UN decided. This opens up great prospects - primarily for fishing.
The territory of one million six hundred and three thousand square kilometers is poorly understood, but there is complete certainty that the Sea of Okhotsk will present many more surprises to both fishermen and geologists. The chief researcher of the laboratory of regional geology and geophysics of the Northeastern Integrated Research Institute of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Science Vladimir Glotov, says that even a few studies in the Sea of Okhotsk showed that untold riches are hidden in its depths.
“First of all, of course, the shelf of the Sea of Okhotsk is rich in oil and gas. More than 40 percent of this area is occupied by a promising oil and gas area,” he explains.
According to some experts, oil deposits on the Magadan shelf of the sea can reach three billion barrels.The first research work on the sites "Magadan-2" and "Magadan-3" was conducted last summer. Now the data is processed in special laboratories.
Far East fishermen will get the most benefits from the recognition of the Sea of Okhotsk as the inland sea of Russia. The Sea of Okhotsk is rich in different types of fish, mollusks and crabs, and until now the Russian fishermen did not have the right to engage in fishing at any point.
Back in the 90s of the last century, the Magadan fish protection services spoke of the need to recognize the Sea of Okhotsk inland. At that time, hundreds of poacher vessels from Poland and the countries of Southeast Asia worked in its water area. The problem was solved to the detriment of the Russian fishermen, giving part of the quotas for catching bio-resources to foreigners.
"Fishermen of neighboring countries received quotas on the basis of the agreement in the economic zone of the Russian Federation, and in return they made voluntary commitments to stop fishing in the central part. Roughly speaking, I could catch 20 thousand tons, but since foreigners work, I catch 15 thousand tons" - says the general director of the company "Tralkom" Stanislav Karachun.
Now the situation can change radically, fish producers believe.In addition, Russian fishermen have the opportunity to cross the Sea of Okhotsk using the most convenient route.
“Now, for example, we don’t intersect this polygon. To go around this polygon, they spend a lot of time, spend a lot of fuel. And now, if we have all our sea, we will walk in a straight line,” explains Sergey Gusev, deputy president of the Magadan Association of Fishermen.
Simplification of working conditions for fishermen is a big prospect for the whole territory of Kolyma. The plans of the regional authorities include the construction of several new fish processing enterprises, which require an increase in catch volumes.
“The possibilities of simplified use of these resources for our enterprises are, of course, an important component of the growth of our economy, including the territory of the Magadan Region, and for our fishing and processing enterprises,” says Vladimir Pecheny, Governor of the Magadan Region.
The change in the status of the Sea of Okhotsk at the same time imposes new obligations on Russia, scientists say. This most severe sea of the country requires serious protection.Whales and killer whales, unique mollusks and rare species of fish need to be treated with care. Now it is Russia who has to defend the local rich fauna from foreign poachers, from time to time striving into these waters.