Interesting facts about photography
1. The first person who managed to make a “photographic” picture permanent, that is, to fix the image was Joseph Niepce is a fact. The very first in the history of photography is considered a snapshot "View from the window", dated 1826 year. The exposure of the picture lasted 8 (!) Hours.
2. An interesting fact about photography - The first person who invented the negative was Fox Talbot. This event occurred in 1839. In the same year, Hippolyte Bayard presented the world with the first positive imprint.
3. The first "photo paper" was made of asphalt. More precisely, asphalt varnish was applied to the copper or glass plate.
4. The camera obscura, which became the prototype of the modern camera, is still used today for the production of integrated circuits, and as a special film camera.
5. The first color photograph was taken in 1861 by James Maxwell, an English physicist.
6. The appearance of the first plates for color photography dates back to 1904, they were produced by the Lumiere company.
7. The first aerial survey was carried out in 1858 by the French inventor Turnne.He shot Paris from a balloon.
8. The first photos in Russia were made by Yu.F. Fritzsche by the method of Talbot.
9. The first color photograph in Russia was published in the “Notes of the Russian Technical Society”. It captures Leo Tolstoy.
10. For the first time, retouching photographs and, at the request of the customer, making them "colored", which was achieved by painting with watercolors, began in 1840.
11. In Russia, the first camera based on the theory of daguerreotype was constructed by Grekov in 1840, that is, a year after the invention of photography. Alexey Grekov, in parallel, experimented with photos using the Talbot method on light-sensitive paper.
12. The first portrait in electric light was shot in 1879 by Levitsky, it took an exposure of 15 seconds.
13. The first roll was one of the prototypes of the modern film - on which 12 sheets of photosensitive paper were placed, and, accordingly, 12 pictures, weighed 15 (!) Kilograms.
14. The basis of a digital camera was invented in 1973. These were CCD arrays with which it was possible to obtain an image of 100x100 pixels in size. The first astronomical electronic photo was made using such matrices as early as next year.
15. The history of digital photography begins with the camera Mavica, which was released by Sony in 1981.Mavica - almost full-fledged SLR with interchangeable lenses and a resolution of 570x490 pixels. However, at that time, it was considered a “static video camera”, the result of which was not a video stream, but static images — individual frames.
16. Officially, the world's first digital camera is the development of the company Kodak, or rather Stephen Cesson. The camera he invented recorded the image on an audio tape with a magnetic tape. Image recording time from the moment the shutter button was pressed was 22 seconds.
17. The term "megapixel" was first used in 1984.
18. The world's first autofocus SLR camera was produced by Polaroid in 1979, and in 1985 Minolta produced a camera, which eventually became the standard for SLR cameras (both the sensor and the motor were contained in the camera body).
19. According to statistics, today only 2 out of 10 photographs taken by digital cameras are printed on paper, and more than 65 billion digital photos have been printed in the world. This means that soon this number will exceed the mark of 66 billion, it will exceed the number of photographs in the world printed from the film (data for 2007).
20.The world's oldest camera was sold at an auction in Vienna in 2007, setting an absolute record and becoming the most expensive camera ever sold at auction. The rarity called Daguerrotype Susses Freres was sold for almost eight hundred thousand US dollars. The starting price was 100,000 euros.