In memory of Stephen Hawking

In memory of Stephen Hawking

Theoretical physicist and scientist of world renown Stephen William Hawking was born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford, United Kingdom, in a family of physicians. Father Frank was engaged in research and development, mother Isabel occupied the position of secretary of a medical institution, working in the same team as her spouse. Steve grew up in the company of two sisters and stepbrother Edward, who was adopted by the Hawking family.

Stephen Hawking in childhood and youth

After graduating from high school, Stephen entered Oxford University, at the end of which in 1962 received a bachelor's degree. Two and a half years later, in 1966, the young man became one of the first doctors of philosophy at Trinity Hall College at Cambridge University.

Disease
From early childhood, Stephen was a healthy boy, even in his youth he was not disturbed by any ailments. But in his youth a misfortune happened to him. The young Stephen discovered a terrible disease - amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The diagnosis sounded like a sentence. Symptoms of the disease developed with great speed.As a result, the future genius of science remained completely paralyzed. Despite this, in the photo Stephen Hawking always appears with a kind smile. Being confined to a wheelchair, Stephen did not stop in mental development, engaged in self-education, he studied the scientific literature, attended seminars. The guy fought every minute. His morale helped in 1974 to gain permanent membership in the Royal Society of London.

In 1985, Stephen Hawking underwent surgery on the larynx, which could not be avoided due to complicated pneumonia. Since then, Stephen has completely ceased to talk, but continued to actively communicate with colleagues using a speech synthesizer developed by his friends - the engineers of the University of Cambridge - especially for him. For a while, Hawking could move his index finger of his right hand. But this ability has lost over time. The only mimic muscle of the cheek remained mobile. A sensor mounted in front of this muscle helped Stephen with computer control, with which he could communicate with the people around him.

Stephen Hawking

Despite the serious illness, the biography of Stephen Hawking is filled with bright events, scientific discoveries and achievements. Terrible disease did not break Stephen, only slightly changed the course of life. Almost completely paralyzed, Stephen Hawking did not see obstacles in his own illness, led a full-fledged work-filled life. Once Hawking made a real feat. He agreed to experience the conditions of being in a weightless space on himself, making a flight on a specially equipped aircraft. This event, which occurred in 2007, completely modified Stephen Hawking’s view of the world around him. The scientist set himself a goal - to conquer space no later than 2009.

Physics
Stephen Hawking specializes in cosmology and quantum gravity. The scientist investigated the thermodynamic processes that occur in wormholes, black holes and dark matter. His name is a phenomenon that describes and characterizes the "evaporation of black holes" - "Hawking radiation". In 1974, Stephen and another well-known specialist at that time, Kip Korn, argued about the nature of the X-1 Swan space object and its radiation.Steven, managing to contradict his own research, argued that this object is not a black hole. However, having suffered a defeat, he gave the prize in 1990 to the winner of the dispute. It should be noted that the bets of young guys were pretty "serious." Stephen Hawking put at stake his annual subscription to the glossy erotic magazine “Penthouse”, and Kip Korn - a four-year subscription to the humorous magazine “Private eye”.

In 1997, Stephen Hawking made another bet, but now with Kip Thorne against John Philip Preskill. The controversial discussion was the starting point in Stephen Hawking’s revolutionary study, which he spoke at a special press conference in 2004. According to John Preskill, in the waves that emit black holes, there is some information that can not be deciphered. Hawking contradicted this argument based on the results of the 1975 research. He argued that the information could not be decrypted because it falls into the Universe, parallel to our galaxy.

Later, in 2004, at a press conference in Dublin on the topic of cosmology, Stephen Hawking put forward a new theory about the nature of a black hole.With this conclusion, Hawking again suffered a defeat in the dispute, having to admit that the opponent was right. In his theory, the physicist still proved that the information does not disappear without a trace, but one day he will leave the black hole along with thermal radiation. Stephen Hawking is the author of several documentaries about the universe. In 2015, the premiere of the full-length feature film "Stephen Hawking's Universe", in which the young scientist played an outstanding Hollywood actor Eddie Redmayn, according to the producers, is ideally suited for this role. The film was sold on quotes, which are actively used by the British youth.

Eddie Redmaying as Stephen Hawking

The film in the directorial work of James Marsh contains the true story of Stephen, tells about his difficult relationship with his first wife, Jane Wilde. The young actor, who performed the role of the legendary scientist and cosmologist Stephen Hawking, after the premiere received an Oscar for the best male lead of the first plan.

Books
In addition to other achievements and achievements in the field of science, Stephen Hawking became famous in another field. He wrote several books, scattered around the world in huge quantities.His first work was a book published in 1988. The artistic and scientific work entitled "A Brief History of Time" is still a bestseller. The scientist also became the author of the books “Black Holes and Young Universes”, “World in a Nutshell”. In 2005, he wrote another book, The Shortest History of Time, now in collaboration with the writer Leonard Mlodinov. Together with his daughter, Stephen Hawking wrote and published a book for children, “George and the Secrets of the Universe,” which was released in 2006.

At the end of 1998, the scientist made a detailed scientific forecast about the fate of mankind for the next millennium. The corresponding report was made at the government house. His arguments sounded quite optimistic. In 2003, the researcher's statement was no longer so encouraging, he advised humanity, without hesitation, to move to other inhabited worlds away from viruses that threaten our survival.

Personal life
In 1965, Stephen Hawking married Jane Wilde, whom he met at a charity evening. The girl gave birth to a scientist of two sons and a daughter. Personal life of Stephen Hawking and his wife did not work out, and in 1991 they had a divorce. The official reasons for the divorce were not made public.

Stephen Hawking And Jane Wilde

Already in 1995, Stephen Hawking married for the second time, in his nurse, Alain Mason, who had been caring for a long time for a scientist. After an eleven-year marriage, Hawking also divorced his wife.

Elaine mason

Stephen Hawking's children supported his father in all his affairs and undertakings. In addition to them, the scientist was constantly supported by his close friend, the Hollywood comedy genre artist Jim Carrey, with whom he appeared more than once at evenings and photo sessions for magazines.

Politics and religion
The scientist rejected any theory about the existence of God and was an atheist. Despite this fact, he was blessed by Pope Francis at a special symposium held at the papal residence’s scientific academy. Political preferences, Stephen Hawking considers himself a Labor Party. In the spring of 1968, a scientist together with a public figure Tarik Ali and film actress Vanessa Redgrave took part in an action against the Vietnam War.

Later, in the 80s, the scientist supported the idea of ​​his colleagues on nuclear disarmament, universal health care and the normalization of the global Earth’s climate. The decision of the American president, which led to the war in the territory of the Iraqi Republic in 2003, the scientist called the crime of military officials.In the same year, he supported a boycott of participants in the Israeli conference on political power against the inhabitants of Palestine. In recent years, Stephen Hawking has worked on new issues of the Universe, has given lectures on physics at the institute, and has been active in research activities. Death British media reported that early in the morning of March 14, 2018 Stephen Hawking died in his house.

Related news

  • Baths, pools, fountains: a selection of sites
  • Who asked for loans for business? No, they won'
  • Discount coupons. What is it and how to use the possibilities of CuponationRussia
  • Boris Register: Favorite Snapshot
  • The impression of a gift in Rivne and region: a selection of sites

  • In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking


    In memory of Stephen Hawking

    In memory of Stephen Hawking