Human organ swamps

Human organ swamps

1On our planet there are terrible swamps, famous for their terrible, but historically priceless finds. We are talking about the "swamps of human organs" in Germany, Denmark, Ireland, Great Britain and the Netherlands.2

Probably the most famous of the marsh mummies is the Tollund man, who in May 1950, near the village of Tolllund in Denmark, stumbled upon two peat collectors.3

They cut peat into briquettes, when they suddenly saw the face looking directly at them and, thinking that this was the victim of a recent murder, immediately contacted the local police.4

The radiocarbon dating of the hair of a Tollund man, carried out soon, showed that he died about 350 BC. er5

Another ancient Dane with perfectly preserved hair was found in 1952 in a swamp near the town of Groball. Judging by the cut throat, the poor fellow was killed and thrown into a swamp.6

Well, the severed skull of the so-called man from Osterby, found in a swamp in the area of ​​the German village of the same name, gives an idea thatwhat hairstyles worn by older men in ancient Germanic tribes who lived on the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany in the first millennium BC. This hairstyle is called the "Swabian knot." The hair of the deceased was originally gray, and red became due to oxidation in the gloomy peat bottom.7

Acidic water, low temperature, lack of oxygen - all the necessary conditions for preservation. The internal organs, hairline, and skin are so perfectly preserved that it is possible to know with precision what kind of hair a person wore, what he ate before death, and even what he was wearing 2000-2500 years ago.8

About 2,000 swamp people are currently known. Of these, the most famous are the man from Tollund, the woman from Elling, the girl from Ida, the Swamp body from Vindeby, and the man from Lindow.9

According to the results of radiocarbon analysis, the majority of swamp people are 2000–2500 years old, but there are also many ancient finds.10

So, a woman from Kölbjerg, died about 10,000 years ago in the era of the archaeological culture Maglemose.11

Some bodies have their clothes or fragments of them preserved, which made it possible to supplement the data on the historical costume of those years.The most well-preserved items: a leather pointed cap of a man from Tolund; a woolen dress found next to the burial place of a woman from Huldremos; woolen windings from legs separated from the body from a swamp in Denmark.12

In addition, thanks to finds, on the heads of which hair was preserved, it was possible to reconstruct the hairstyles of the ancients. Thus, a man from Klonikavana was styled his hair with a mixture of resin and vegetable oil, and the hair on the skull of a man from Osterby was laid over his right temple and tied with a so-called “Swabian knot”, which was confirmed by the hairstyle described by Tacitus.13

The swamp body from Vindeby (German: Moorleiche von Windeby) is the name given to the well-preserved body of a teenager found in a peat bog in northern Germany.

The body was found in 1952 by workers engaged in peat mining near the village of Vindeby in Schleswig-Holstein. Scientists who recovered the body from the quagmire and started research have notified about the discovery.

With the help of spore-pollen analysis, it was found that a teenager died in the Iron Age at the age of 14 years. In 2002, using radiocarbon analysis, the time of his death was more precisely dated - between 41 and 118 years BC. erRadiographs showed the presence of defects on the bones of the lower leg (Harris line), which indicates exhaustion and, as a consequence, impaired growth. Accordingly, death could occur from starvation.14

In the county of Cheshire, in the north-west of England, near the town of Wilmslow, there is a bog Lindow Moss.

Another mummy was found here, called "Pete Marsh" (Pete Marsh is a pun, the name Pete is read like peat ("peat"); the word marsh is translated as "swamp" or "swamp"). In the scientific literature, Pete Marsh became known as "The Man from Lindou."15

The upper part of the body and a significant part of the skin are preserved - everything above the belt, except for the left hand. In addition, part of the right leg and foot was found.

Well preserved head. Upon closer inspection, you can see a peculiar haircut - shortly cropped hair on the head itself, long - on the neck (a sort of an ancient version of "mallet"), well-groomed temples, mustache and beard. In addition, one ear with a free lobe and thirty teeth affected by caries, which appeared, apparently, post mortem, survived.16

The available data allowed the researchers to not only reconstruct the appearance of a person from Lindow, but also to restore in sufficient detail the last 24 hours of his life.

Pete Marsh was a man of 25 years old, quite tall for his time (between 1.68 and 1.73 m), well built. He did not suffer from serious diseases - arthritis of the lower part of the spine (possibly provoked by falling from a horse) has not yet developed, and parasites (roundworm and whipworms) have just started to create a cozy inner world.

The state of the skeleton and muscles indicate that the deceased was not engaged in heavy daily work; he had enough time to take care of his hair and beard, manicure (this is indicated by very well-groomed nails). It is safe to say that the man from Lindow belonged to the upper strata of British society.17

Thanks to the swamp, we even know that a man from Lindow ate wheat bread and dried fruit on the day of his death; mistletoe pollen appeared in the stomach with them, indicating March-April as the time of the death and burial of Pete Marsh.18

The circumstances of the death of a man from Lindow are not fully understood. One thing is certain - he was killed; however, it is not clear how. On the body and head there are traces of various injuries:

a) a v-shaped deep wound on the head, inflicted by heavy weapons without a cutting edge and tip — perhaps with a cudgel or club;

b) spinal injury and rib fracture as a result of hitting the back with a heavy object — possibly the same club;

c) the neck was cut with a sharp knife. besides, there was a rope of tendons around the neck, which could be strangled by a man from Lindow.

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  • Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps

    Human organ swamps