How to take care of cheflera at home

How to take care of chefleroes at home?

Do not start this plant if there are animals, birds or small children in the house, as shefflera juice is poisonous. After contact with her, it would be nice to wash your hands - it contains substances that irritate the skin and mucous membrane.

Temperature and humidity

Bright green leaves sheffleryAs a resident of the tropics, sheflera likes humid air, so it must be sprayed 2 times a day from a spray bottle. Nevertheless, she endures the heat poorly and the best temperature for its content is 18-22 degrees. At a higher temperature, it sheds leaves, and when the air is dry, the edges of the leaves turn brown, and the risk of the disease of this plant, such as the spider mite, grows.

In winter, temperatures should not be reduced to 12 degrees or less. Do not leave the Scheffler near the heater. But near the air conditioner she likes, office workers have long noticed that in rooms with this device the chefler is developing better. Draft she does not like, so do not put the plant directly under the blower.

Scattered light on the plantThe best place at home for her - windows facing west and east.Sheflera loves a bright light, but it must be scattered, otherwise burns on the leaves may occur.

The degree of light depends on the type of plant. Green leafy chefs can be quietly located in more shaded areas, but care for arboricolourer, for example, is more difficult - it can lose its diversity when there is insufficient light.

Watering

In order to care for the chef, the water for irrigation must be kept for at least 24 hours. It is impossible to allow excess moisture and acidification of the soil - the chef doesn't like this and various diseases can appear.If you have allowed the roots to rot in the plant, then the affected roots should be cut and sprinkled with charcoal, phytosporin or trichodermin. Then transplant the plant in a new soil and water only after the earth dries.

Watering plants from watering cansIn spring and summer, watering is carried out about once every 2-3 days - after the top layer of the earth dries out to a depth of about 1 cm. In winter, at a cool temperature (ideally 14-16 degrees), watering is reduced. But if at home it is too hot, then water is poured in the same way as in hotter periods.It will be great to put the plant in a container with moist expanded clay or coarse sand - in such conditions it will be easier to care for the chef.

Feed it from spring to autumn (this is the time of active growing season) 1 time in two weeks with usual fertilizers for indoor plants. If the shefler was recently transplanted, then fertilizing should not be given before new leaves appear.

Shape and trim

Bush chefsThe formation of the bush is carried out with the help of 2-3 plants, while they do not need pruning. It is possible to grow a schaffler as a solitary tree, then it should be trimmed carefully, otherwise it may lose its decorative properties.

Pests, diseases

The main diseases are common and thrips shchitovka, as well as the red spider mite.
When attacking a tick or other pests, care will consist in the treatment with insecticides and fungicides, for example, the drug Carbofros (has an unpleasant smell, it is better to carry out the treatment in ventilated places).

Other signs of plant disease:

  • spots on the leaves are evidence of excessive watering;
  • yellowed leaves - either a tick or excessive watering (be careful, the tick likes to hide under the leaves);
  • darkened and fallen leaves - the plant is in a draft or in the air an excess of moisture.

Transfer

It requires a transplant every two to three years, so care for it is not difficult. The pot is taken in size much larger than the previous one, the soil has several options:

  • fertile soil (compost or greenhouse), downstream peat, coarse sand (can be mixed with vermiculite) - 3: 1: 1.5;
  • turfy ground, humus and coarse sand - 2: 1: 1.

The bottom of the pot is covered with expanded clay or ceramic shards - this is the best care. There are three ways to transplant - periodic replacement of the upper layers of the earth, transshipment and regular transplantation.

Transplant cheflersThe first method is used if you cannot replace the entire soil. Then periodically loosen and gently remove the top layer, then pour the new one. Handling is also a sparing method. We are preparing a new large pot and arranging a drainage of expanded clay or fragments of ceramics on its bottom; we take a plant out of an old pot, without touching it, we plant it in a new one and fill it with soil.

Regular transplantation is performed in the traditional way, after which the Scheffler is watered.

Breeding

Air layouts

This is the most interesting way of breeding shefflera at home, but also care is required difficult. A neat cut is made on the trunk of a bush or tree in early spring.The incision site should be in a high-humidity environment, so it should be wrapped in a moistened bandage or wet moss, which should be wrapped in a film so that it does not break up.

Air roots or cuttings appear after 1.5 months. The branch on which they are located, you need to cut and plant in a new pot.

Seeds

This method of reproduction begins at the end of winter. Before planting, hold them in an epin or zircon solution. We prepare a fertile substrate - a mixture of peat or leaf soil and sand (1: 1). We start landing as follows:

  • Seeds Cheflersseeds are located at a depth of 15 cm 2 cm from each other;
  • watering;
  • the container is wrapped in film or placed in a greenhouse, the main thing is that the air temperature is 20-23aboutWITH;
  • periodically ventilate and spray;
  • after the shoot, we wait until two or three leaves come out - after that, the young chefler can be transplanted into a separate pot;
  • we leave it in a new container for 2-3 months at a temperature of 17-18aboutC, until the roots fill the space completely;
  • now you can transplant it into a pot with a diameter of about 9 cm and reduce t to 13-15aboutWITH;
  • in the autumn we carry out another transplant in a 11-12 cm pot.

Cuttings

For reproduction, semi-hardwood cuttings are selected, processed by a growth stimulator and planted in the same substrate as the seeds. Caring for them is also almost the same as caring for seeds - the only thing is that the temperature of the air after transplanting a 9 cm pot should not fall below 16aboutWITH.

Related news

  • How to quickly lose weight with oatmeal
  • Unique photos of cities on the Volga of the mid-XX century
  • How to clean silver at home: effective methods
  • Month in space: August 2013
  • Taxi Yalta: phone services
  • How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home

    How to take care of cheflera at home