How to recognize psychosis and help in time?
Definition, Types and Forms
The great Sigmund Freud defined psychosis as a state of conflict between the "It" of man and the outside world. But I.P. Pavlov argued that this is a violation in the psyche, when a person’s reactions are not true, contradict it. A person who has had to observe such a condition notes an unusual and strange behavior that causes suspicion.But what can lead to such deviations?
Medicine determines a large variety of factors that can cause psychosis. Depending on the leading (main) reasons, they are classified:
- So, in the presence of external factors they talk aboutexogenoustype of psychosis. Some infectious diseases (influenza, syphilis, tuberculosis), the emergence of drug or alcohol addiction, ingestion of industrial production poisons, any stress or mental trauma can lead to it.The leading position among these species is alcoholic psychosis, which appears as a result of prolonged consumption of strong drinks.
- It also happens that internal causes lead to psychosis, and then we are talking aboutendogenoustype Various disturbances in the activity of the nervous system and imbalance in the endocrine system can lead to it. Often this type is associated with the appearance of age-related changes. This may be senile psychosis. It develops as a result of disturbances in the workings of the vessels of the brain and rapidly developing schizophrenia. An important difference between endogenous psychosis is its repetition and duration. Such a disease is difficult to recognize, since psychosis, the symptoms of which manifest themselves under the influence of external factors, hides behind this the true cause.
- Senilepsychosis is a separate species that is diagnosed not earlier than 60 years and manifests itself as periodic clouding of consciousness, which distinguishes it from dementia.
- In addition, emitacuteandreactivepsychosis. And if the latter form of the disease occurs in the form of temporary disorders that can be reversed, then acute psychosis is dangerous because it can develop very quickly, and any tragic news or loss can be the cause.Doctors say that women are more prone to this mental disorder than men. Differences by nationality, religious beliefs and wealth do not play any role.
The disease can manifest itself in several ways, depending on the cause and type of mental disorder. But all of them are characterized by the following symptoms:
- the appearance of delusions;
- disruption of motor activity;
- mood swings.
In turn, hallucinations can be auditory, visual, olfactory, tactile, and gustatory. With hallucinations, a person will:
- hear voices or sounds that do not exist;
- see what is not;
- feel the smell that will chase him;
- feel the touch of a thing or a person who is not there;
- feel the taste without even eating a food or product.
The appearance of delusional thoughts will affect the reasoning and behavior of a person. The statements he made will not be true, but it is impossible to convince him that he is mistaken. The most common thoughts about the pursuit of someone, confidence in the existence of special services (aliens,mythical animals), suspicion of wanting to cause damage (he or they want to steal a thing, survive from home, poison food), identify a deadly disease. In this state, feelings such as self-esteem, jealousy, or love may be exaggerated, taking horrific forms.
Disturbances in motor activity may also manifest themselves in different ways. For example, a person will sit for a long time in one place, look at one point and absolutely not move. Or vice versa. Will walk back and forth in the room, there will be a lot of talk and grimace. Such increased activity will also indicate violations.
People with this condition may have a manic-depressive mood. If a state of depression, anguish, inhibition in actions and a bleak vision of the future is noticed, then there is depression. It can cause thoughts of suicide, because a person loses the meaning of life. Manic mood will manifest itself in a person’s obsession with an idea, the desire to realize it in any case, excessive activity, lack of sleep.
In the case when you suspect that manic-depressive psychosis has touched someone of your relatives or friends, try to persuade the person to undergo examination and treatment.
Diagnosis and treatment
In order to properly diagnose and prescribe treatment, the doctor will pay attention to the particular manifestations of certain symptoms. Some changes in human behavior can be noticed before the onset of signs of the disease. For example, nervousness and irritability, sleep and appetite disturbances, unusual appearance may already suggest that there are some mental disorders.
Another indicator may be a decrease in performance when concentration decreases and resistance to stressful situations decreases. Also, a person can start “going into oneself” and gradually refuse to communicate with other people.
Such behavior with a loved one or a loved one should alert you. Perhaps he should be examined by a specialist who will prescribe a treatment that can help cope with the disease at an early stage.
In the case when there is a reactive psychosis, it is necessary to find out the cause of its occurrence and try to eliminate it.
Before starting treatment, a full diagnosis will be carried out, which will reveal the characteristics of the disease in a particular person and the state of his body. Then a comprehensive scheme will be painted that will help in recovery.
- drug treatment;
- psychological rehabilitation;
- training programs;
To correct the condition that caused child psychosis, psychotherapy is used, and drug treatment is prescribed only as a last resort (aggressive conditions). Very carefully, medication is prescribed when alcoholic psychosis is diagnosed. Like children, it is closely associated with disorders in the body that must be considered during therapy.
If you need to cope with such a problem as postpartum psychosis, the first treatment will be aimed at improving the physical condition and normalization of the mode of life and care for the child. In severe cases, the postpartum type may also require hospitalization.
When senile psychosis is diagnosed, treatment requires the appointment of not only medicines, but also special correctors that help to cope with the concomitant somatic manifestations.
To communicate with a person who has an alcoholic or other psychosis must be very careful. Any misunderstood statement can cause an unexpected and very dangerous reaction. If you notice that a person is obsessively obsessed with an idea or activity, do not argue with him, do not mind. So you only set him against yourself.
Excessive activity and aggression can harm others. Therefore, try to calmly take a person away from people in a benevolent form and calm him down with conversation.
Calm and friendly atmosphere at home will help a person to feel comfortable and cozy. Try to protect the patient from injuries and unpleasant situations.
When you hear that he "carries nonsense," no need to ask clarifying questions. For example: “How many heads do the aliens have?”, “What do they look like?”. Better find in his reasoning sound thought and try to concentrate the conversation on it. If a person has experienced hallucinations, ask him about sensations. But don't mock. Let the person reveal his true feelings to you.
Contact the dubious experts are not worth it. Psychics and healers are unlikely to be able to make a correct diagnosis, and their treatment, at best, will not give any result, and at worst - aggravate the situation.