How to quickly get rid of the effects of burns

How to quickly get rid of the effects of a burn?

What is the danger

Most common are minor injuries after pouring boiling water.Two pictures - a hand with blisters and a hand under flowing wateror when touching a hot object (griddle, iron, etc.).

But there are more dangerous chemical damage, when it is important not only to eliminate the irritant, but also to neutralize its residues, which continue to react, corroding the tissue.

But what to do with a burn? The answer to this question depends on the complexity of the damage.

Doctors distinguish 4 degrees of burns:

  1. The first.
    Only redness of the skin is visualized, no blisters. It is easy to cure at home, provided that the area of ​​damage is small.
  2. The second.
    Blisters are visible on the skin. Usually the blister is filled with serous contents without blood.
  3. Third.
    The skin is seriously damaged. There are 2 degrees of this type of skin burns: A - the dermis is not completely burned, and the burn has not affected the subcutaneous fatty tissue, and B - the skin is burned to its full thickness.
  4. The fourth.
    You can see charring, significant skin damage and affect soft tissues, and even bones.

If you have a serious skin burn or a child, you should immediately call an ambulance. After all, heat energy remains in the wound and continues to damage the surrounding tissues, and also leads to dehydration.

A burn is damage to the skin of a thermal or chemical nature that causes inflammation, a blister or a deep wound. In this case, doctors recommend not to use traditional medicine, but to turn to professionals.

First aid

The girl lies and smears a white maskMany craftsmen are advised to coat burns with oil, grated beets or cabbage. Do not do this in any way.

So the skin lesions will only get worse, be supplemented with secondary infections and begin to develop deep into.

Especially dangerous is a face burn. Indeed, in addition to damage to the soft tissues and dermis, it is possible to significantly harm the eyes, the mucous membranes of the nose and mouth.

Therefore, if the injured person has a burn, you should immediately call an ambulance. After all, every minute of delay can lead to irreversible consequences.

For example, often after a burn of the face, deterioration of smell or vision, etc. is observed. Also proximity to the brain is dangerous.

And if a third or fourth degree burn is obtained, the risk of developing serious complications, including brain swelling, is high.

After a burn with boiling water, thermal energy remains on the wound surface, continuing to affect the surrounding tissues and damage them.

Therefore, at home, it is first of all important to eliminate the source of the damage (flame, red-hot objects, etc.).

An additional store of heat, of course, is the clothing of the victim. It must be removed completely, before the linen, and even better it.

But, remember, do not tear and carelessly pull it off, it will bring even more damage to the skin. After all, often charred tissue is glued to the dermis and simply removed from the skin.

If a child or an adult has burns, cut or tear the clothes on them and remove them carefully.

Do not touch the tissue over the burn, as you can tear off the affected skin.

Then it is necessary to stop the action of thermal energy in the wound itself. After all, even if the burn was received by steam or boiling water, the residual heat does not go anywhere.

Ideally, if you carry with you a special pharmacy cooling bag-bandage, which is simply opened and applied to the wound.

But unfortunately, this is not always the case. And it is important to remember that if there is penetrating damage to the skin, then nothing can be done! Just take off your clothes and call an ambulance.

One person pours water on another.Rinse the burn with running cold water is permissible only for injuries of the first and second degree, when there is no penetration of the skin (wounds).

When receiving a burn, the victim experiences severe pain. Therefore, it is important to reduce these sensations, especially if the damage in the child.

In an ambulance, he will immediately be given an anesthetic, but if you have paracetamol in your first-aid kit, you should use it orally.

Remember! If you have given a painkiller to an injured person, be sure to tell the ambulance doctor about this, indicating the name of the drug and the dosage. For example: Paracetamol, 1 tablet. This will help in calculating the dose of a stronger analgesic.

It is also worth remembering that first aid at home is directly dependent on the type of active substance:

  1. Thermal.
    Remove the active substance, remove clothes and cool.If a face burn is received - try not to touch the victim and wait for the ambulance to arrive. Such burns are obtained when exposed to boiling water or steam.
  2. Electric.
    Disconnect the source of damage from the mains. It is best to just turn off traffic jams.
  3. Chemical.
    If a child or an adult has such damage, the active substance should be immediately washed off under running water. After all, such burns are especially dangerous, they are difficult to treat and poorly heal. Especially if the damage has affected the face, in particular, the mucous membranes.

With radiation burns, obtained by radioactive steam or with ionizing radiation, it is impossible to assist.

Such damage is often a source of radiation, which can also harm you.

What can not be done in any case

The crossed out picture - press on a burn with a fingerMany have heard that you need to lubricate the burn with oil, sprinkle with lemon juice or pour kefir?

In fact, this can not be done.

After all, such substances cover the wound surface from burns with steam or boiling water with a film, keeping thermal energy inside.

Accordingly, the burn begins to spread into the depths, which provokes an increase in damage.Such actions are especially dangerous when a face burn is received.

Also in the list of bans were such manipulations:

  1. In no case do not sprinkle the wound with powders, do not smear ointments, etc. Only a physician can correctly evaluate any burn in a child or an adult, respectively, only a competent person is able to select suitable drugs and calculate their dosage.
  2. Do not relieve a sharp burn with steam or boiling water from clothes. This will cause you even more harm. For example, if you get a burn of the face, exciting the eyelids, and you decide to remove the pieces of cloth or hair, inevitably eliminate the pieces of skin, causing severe pain and provoking shock. In case of similar injuries, one should not touch the wound surface at all. Cleaning should be carried out by doctors. It does not matter how the burn was obtained: boiling water or steam - everything that is on the wound is forbidden to touch.
  3. Do not bandage. The maximum that needs to be done is to cover the wound surface with sterile cloth or gauze, without touching or pressing on the wound surface, just cover it up.
  4. Do not put a harness on the burn with steam or boiling water. This will lead to impaired blood circulation and may lead to the development of necrosis. This complication is fraught with gangrene, sepsis and even amputation of the limb.Accordingly, in case of burns in a child or an adult, there is no need to impose a tourniquet. We use this compressive material only in emergency situations, for example, in case of arterial bleeding.
  5. Oil treatment is also prohibited.
  6. Open blister also impossible. Indeed, under the thin skin is a large-scale wound surface. It is important that the blister resolves itself. After all, the opened blister is an excellent place for invasion of pathogenic microorganisms.

Remember that when burns the face and body can not cover them with anything. If you want to cover the wound, it should be done only with a sterile material: gauze, natural fabrics, etc.

Folk remedies for burnsA jar with a small and obepiha on a stand

It should be remembered that help with burns at home is relevant only after visiting a hospital.

In no case do not smear the wound with oil and medicines until the arrival of physicians and examination by a competent surgeon.

Please note! Use of folk remedies is possible only after the formation of scars. In no case should you impose them on an open wound surface after a burn in a child or an adult!

After discharge from the hospital, if hospitalization was needed, you can use such means to stimulate skin regeneration after a burn with steam, boiling water or chemicals:

  1. Sea buckthorn oil treatment.
    This tool removes the remnants of inflammation and actively stimulates tissue regeneration. It can even be used on scars from a child’s burn.
  2. Other oils.
    Many recommend treating scars with camphor oil. This is an excellent healing aid. But remember, if the blister has not yet come down - it is not necessary to engage in amateur.
  3. Cabbage, beets, potatoes.
    In addition to oiling, you can make certain lotions from grated fresh vegetables. Prefer seasonal fruits, in them a minimum of nitrates. You can mix this puree with oil, not with food, but with a pharmacy.

Treat burns at home is strictly prohibited. It is recommended to urgently call an ambulance in case of injury

Folk means can be used only after the formation of scars and in the presence of first-degree burns.

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  • How to quickly get rid of the effects of burns

    How to quickly get rid of the effects of burns

    How to quickly get rid of the effects of burns

    How to quickly get rid of the effects of burns

    How to quickly get rid of the effects of burns

    How to quickly get rid of the effects of burns

    How to quickly get rid of the effects of burns

    How to quickly get rid of the effects of burns

    How to quickly get rid of the effects of burns

    How to quickly get rid of the effects of burns

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