How to grow Levka: everything about the rules of care (photos and video)

How to grow Levka: everything about the rules of care (photos and video)

How to prepare the soil?Gardening Tools

  • The land on the site where mattiola is planned to be grown is prepared in autumn: compost or humus (at the rate of 7 kg per square meter), a small amount of neutral floral substrate and liquid complex fertilizer (no more than 3 tablespoons per 1 sq.) Are introduced into it. . meter)
  • Land for seedlings should also be harvested in the autumn. To do this, mix 3 parts of turf with 1 part of large river sand. Humus (to avoid disease of the black leg) is strictly contraindicated.

How to grow seedlings?

When and how should seed be planted? If you want the leftist to bloom in June, sowing of seeds should be carried out in the second decade of March. In order to achieve continuous flowering of mattiols, the sowing of seeds is repeated at intervals of 10 days.

To do this, in boxes with a moistened substrate, they make shallow (1/2 cm) grooves into which the seeds are laid out (on the left side, they are small, shaped like lentils).The distance between the seeds should be no more than 3 cm, and the frequency of the grooves should not exceed 4 cm.

Seedlings mattiola in potsSown seeds are sprinkled with sand, then pressed with a board and covered with glass. After this, the hotbed is sent to a room with a temperature not lower than 20 degrees. The first shoots appear 8-10 days after sowing.

After that, the box with the seedlings is transferred to a cool room, the temperature in which should not exceed 14 degrees. The fact is that at a higher temperature, the mattiola process slows down the formation of flower buds, and flowering will occur with considerable delay. The room where the seedlings are located must be often ventilated: this is necessary for its hardening.

Seedlings with two well-developed cotyledon leaves should dive, while pinching the root. In the process of picking, young plants are planted in paper cups, peat pots or in larger boxes, because the left one is rather cold-resistant, but it doesn’t endure transplantation, therefore all conditions should be created in order to injure its roots as little as possible.

It is best to carry out the cultivation of levkoy in peat tablets, with which young plants can subsequently be planted in open ground without damaging their root system.

Planting hardened seedlings in open ground is made in the second decade of May, since it is able to withstand short frosts to -5 degrees. Planting seeds directly into the soil is carried out at the end of April.

Most popular varieties

Purple Mattiola FlowersLevkoi Royal mixture

It is used for cutting and loved by flower growers for the delicate aroma, duration and abundance of flowering (from June to August), as well as the durability of the cut bouquet.

A bouquet can stand, without losing its aroma and freshness, for three weeks. This is achieved due to the fact that the flowers of the left do not cut, but pull out of the soil along with the roots and, having washed them well and removing the lower leaves, are placed in a vase.

Crustaceous inflorescences of large terry flowers, representing a mixture of various colors, can decorate any landscape, so they are often planted on the balcony, grown in flower beds, borders, rabatkah and group plantings.

Growing seedlings produced in the manner described above. When planting seedlings in open ground should be borne in mind that the place should be open, sunny and well ventilated, and the soil - loose and moderately wet (ideal soil for mattiola - zavlenkovkovanny loam). Between young plants should be left at least 20 cm of free space.

Left gray

Got its name for the felted stem and leaves, although sometimes there are plants with bare stems. Hand the photo clearly shows its velvet stalks.White bud of the gray levkoy

Gray-haired gray is distinguished by a large variety of colors of its inflorescences (from bright white to ink-violet) and a different structure of colors (they can be both simple and terry). Levka gray is grown from seeds that are capable of producing only plants that bloom in simple flowers.

Feature of all grades mattiol:The mattiola terry flower is completely sterile, since it has neither a pistil, nor stamens, but there is only a calyx and a magnificent corolla consisting of many petals.A double flower is able to maintain its attractiveness for 2-3 weeks, unlike simple flowers, which can be admired for no more than five days.

Fertilization of simple mattiola flowers occurs inside a flower that has not yet opened, since the stamens located above the pistil are tightly pressed against its stigma, and this process becomes completely inevitable. Thus, Mattiola is a self-pollinating plant.

Gray-leaved leaves produce a large number of small seeds (one gram contains up to seven hundred), which remain viable for six years. Seeds that are planted a year after they are harvested have the greatest germination.

Mattiola diseases and preventive measures

Processing plants for prophylacticImproper growing seedlings

Excessive soil moisture and thick sowing can lead to the development of a bacterial or fungal disease, popularly known as “black leg».

This disease affects the lower part of the stems, as a result of which it first becomes brown, then the stem begins to rot, as a result of which the inevitable death of the whole plant occurs.

To prevent this scourge, growers make fungicide solution. Very well proven drug "Hom"(One liter of water is enough for one liter of water).

Freshly prepared solution is poured over the substrate in a container in which mattiola is to be grown. Re-treatment of weekly seedlings is carried out in the form of spraying a new portion of the same solution.

Fungal diseases

If you plant a levka on a plot where cabbage, turnips, turnips or other plants of the cabbage family were previously grown, it can be affected by the fungus keel fungus disease, the causative agents of which are able to persist in the soil for a number of years.

Since Mattiola belongs to the cabbage family, it is very dangerous for all pests that threaten its other members: butterflies, cabbage and cruciferous fleas.

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  • How to grow Levka: everything about the rules of care (photos and video)

    How to grow Levka: everything about the rules of care (photos and video)

    How to grow Levka: everything about the rules of care (photos and video)

    How to grow Levka: everything about the rules of care (photos and video)

    How to grow Levka: everything about the rules of care (photos and video)

    How to grow Levka: everything about the rules of care (photos and video)

    How to grow Levka: everything about the rules of care (photos and video)

    How to grow Levka: everything about the rules of care (photos and video)

    How to grow Levka: everything about the rules of care (photos and video)

    How to grow Levka: everything about the rules of care (photos and video)

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