How to care for begonia - all the secrets of indoor plants

19.01.2016

How to care for begonia - all the secrets of indoor plants

Among the variety of indoor plants, begonia occupies a special place in the hearts of home growers. This is a beautiful flower that attracts the eye and leaves almost no one indifferent. However, in order for the plant to not cease to please, he needs to pay special attention. Care for begonia at home is quite simple, the main thing is to strictly follow the recommendations presented in this article.

Ampelnaya Begonia photo

Plant varieties

At the moment, experts have about a thousand different types of begonias. At home, growing flowering and decorative leafy plants. The latter do not bloom, but differ in a very beautiful shape and color of leaves.

We offer more detail on the most popular types of room begonias.

  • Ever-blooming. The flower can be grown both in the country bed and in the room. With proper care can bloom all year.The leaves of this species may be red or green in color, flowers - white, red or pink shades.
  • Tuber. The most common type of begonias. During flowering blooms flowers of red, yellow, pink, white and even orange flowers. Petals often have two colors or a beautiful edging, as well as a terry structure.
  • Royal It belongs to the group of decorative leafy plants. It has large leaves of red, green and brown shades.
  • Elatior. Divorced only in room conditions, requires special care because of the very thin shoots. Flowering begins in autumn and winter. The most popular variety is Borias.
  • Ampelnaya. Caring for an ampel begonia is slightly different from other plant species. It is often planted in hanging pots because of shoots hanging down to 0.5 m with beautiful flowers of various shades.

In addition to the above species, tiger and coral (spotted) begonia are popular with flower growers.

Multicolored flowers

Features of growing

Care room begonia implies a few points:

  1. proper lighting;
  2. timely watering;
  3. optimum air humidity;
  4. soil and top dressing;
  5. transfer.

We will focus on each of these points so that you do not have questions about how to care for begonia, so that it blossoms and be healthy.

Lighting

Care for any plant at home begins with the correct choice of place in the room. Not all flowers in pots love bright light, but flowering begonia refers to light-loving ones. Ideal for her would be strong, but diffused lighting. In winter, experts advise additionally to use artificial lighting to care for the plant. A pleasant exception is the ever-flowering look, which feels great at any brightness of light.

It is necessary to take into account the fact that decorative leaf begonia, in principle, does not need strong illumination. It is better to place it on the window sill without direct sunlight, in partial shade.

Plant lighting

Watering

How to water begonia? There are several elementary rules that are very easy to remember. Water for irrigation should be separated at room temperature. The frequency depends on the season and air temperature.

In summer, the plant is best watered 2-3 times a week, and in case of strong heat - every day. In spring and autumn, watering is carried out when the top layer of soil dries out.As a rule, once a week it becomes quite enough, but it is necessary to focus only on the dryness of the soil.

In winter, begonia is desirable to water even less. Tuber species in the winter season does not need watering because of the "hibernation". It is put in peat, and care is minimized until spring.

Humidity

Homeland begonias are tropics, so the main component of proper care is to maintain high humidity. Many flower growers start spraying a lot of water, but this is absolutely wrong. Such actions can even cause diseases in which ugly spots appear on the leaflets. To achieve the required level of humidity, place wet peat or pebbles poured with water in a tray under the pot.

As for air temperature, indoor begonias prefer a temperate climate, so growing on a balcony is unlikely to benefit them. In the warm season, the optimum temperature will be +20 ° С, in the cold - from +15 ° С to +20 ° С.

Elatior photo

Soil and fertilizer

Care at home for begonia also implies proper soil preparation. For this you need to purchase the following ingredients:

  • sand;
  • leaf earth;
  • peat.

Sand is poured at the bottom of the pot and neatly distributed over the entire surface. A sheet of earth should fill the pot to half, on top it is best to place the peat.

During the flowering period, the plant needs special care, namely, feeding twice a month. To do this, experts advise to buy ready-made complexes of minerals and vitamins for begonia. As a last resort, fertilizers will be suitable for all flowering plants.

Transfer

Begonia transplanted only if necessary. This usually happens once every few years, when the old pot becomes too small. Transplantation is best done in early spring. Note that this does not apply to the young flower that you just brought home after buying it in the store. This procedure is unremarkable and even a novice grower who does not understand the care of begonia can handle it.

  1. Carefully, in order not to damage the root system, remove the plant from the pot and remove excess ground from the roots.
  2. Place the begonia in a vessel with a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 60 minutes.
  3. Replant the plant in a new pot, having previously prepared the primer, according to the instructions given above.

Ever-blooming species

What else is important to know?

Many novice growers often face problems associated with improper care of begonia. In order to no longer have any doubts about how to properly care for this plant at home, we have prepared for you the answers to frequently asked questions.

Why leaves turn yellow and dry?

This is most often due to insufficient watering and low humidity. The reason may be parasites in the root system. In this case, only transplantation can help.

Why are the leaves curled?

The reason for twisting the leaves can also be improper care. Usually, such consequences result from a lack of lighting or too diligent watering.

Why do flowers fall?

Flowers fall down if water constantly falls on them.

Why does not begonia bloom?

The reasons for this phenomenon may be several. The most common are the lack of sunlight, low humidity and improper temperature. Also, begonia does not bloom if it is watered with hard water or left in a draft.

Tuberous flower

We told you all about caring for begonia at home.This plant survives well in the apartment, and some species on the street. However, in all it loves moderation. The secret of success: do not overdo it with the care of begonias, and she will stay with you for years!

Finally, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with useful information about the plant in the video:


Take it to yourself, tell your friends!
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  • How to care for begonia - all the secrets of indoor plants

    How to care for begonia - all the secrets of indoor plants

    How to care for begonia - all the secrets of indoor plants

    How to care for begonia - all the secrets of indoor plants

    How to care for begonia - all the secrets of indoor plants

    How to care for begonia - all the secrets of indoor plants

    How to care for begonia - all the secrets of indoor plants

    How to care for begonia - all the secrets of indoor plants

    How to care for begonia - all the secrets of indoor plants

    How to care for begonia - all the secrets of indoor plants

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