How to care for azalea at home

How to care for azalea at home?

Distinctive features of azaleas

In warm regions, the flower is grown on the street, because weather conditions favor good plant growth. In colder regions, azalea has become a common indoor plant. Since the 20th century, the plant has been found in many parts of our planet - Europe, Asia, and North America.

Azaleas in a Japanese gardenChina is considered to be the birthplace of azaleas. She is very fond of the Japanese. In East Asian countries, bonsai are made from lush bright colors. This is a special art of growing a copy of a real tree in miniature.

Today, this plant is very popular due to the incredibly beautiful lush bloom. It belongs to the genus Rhododendrons. There are several varieties of azalea flowers - fringed, terry, corrugated. There are many varieties - light pink, crimson, red, white, purple, peach azaleas.

The most common at home are two types of azaleas:

  • Japanese
  • Indian (Sims azalea).

The flower is a shrub in height of 35 - 50 centimeters. At home, flowering occurs in the cold season. The garden azalea will decorate the yard with its views, will be the pride of any skillfully executed landscape design.

Daily plant care

Azalea care varies in winter and summer. In the warm season, the flower feels great in the fresh air. The ideal temperature for it is 16 - 20 degrees.

It is important to provide azaleas with a shade and to prevent direct sunlight, which has a detrimental effect on the condition of the plant.

Azaleas in a Japanese gardenSummer watering must be done twice a day - in the morning and in the evening. Without fail the flower needs spraying 1 - 2 times a day. You can add water to the pan if the ground dries quickly. Garden azalea grows well in shady areas of the garden in a cool rainy summer. The most important thing is to choose the right habitat. It can be a balcony on the north side of the house, a shady garden lawn, the coolest room in the apartment.

In the cold winter season, abundant watering should be observed.Shrubs are watered and sprayed with settled water 2 times a day, as in summer. From October to April, the most optimal temperature for azaleas will be 13 - 16 degrees. Even in winter, the flower loves diffused light. Shrub can die if watering produce tap water. It is sensitive to chlorine and lime.

Soil and dressing for comfortable growth of azaleas

There is another important feature of care for azalea. Planting is carried out in an acidic environment. The ideal pH would be between 4 and 4.5. A shrub will feel good if it is planted in a mixture of needles and peat soils in a ratio of 2: 1. Today on sale are special soils that are ideal for “acid-loving” flora.

You can water the shrub with acidified water. To do this, dissolve a small amount of citric acid (at the tip of a teaspoon) in 1 liter of separated water. Garden azalea also tolerates such a good watering. Such care will provide the correct acidic soil environment.

For violent flowering, it is important to feed the plants. In the spring and summer feeding is needed 1 time per week, and in the autumn and winter - 1 - 2 times.

During the beginning of flowering and budding it is better to use superphosphate (1.5 grams per 1 liter of water), and in spring and summer - fertilizers for flowering plants - ammonium sulfate, potassium sulfate. Top dressing is made in accordance with the instructions indicated on the preparation.

Reproduction and transplanting shrubs

The flower is transplanted infrequently - once in 2 - 3 years. At the same time it is undesirable to change the soil entirely, clearing the roots of the old earth. You just need to fill the ground, leaving the rhizome intact. This method will not harm the delicate roots of the bush.

Bush for transplanting on the newspaperThe transplantation of young shrubs can be made much more often - once a year. It is advisable to choose low pots for such plants, which will help to root the root system better and faster. A young flower will look more harmoniously in a small pot. In addition, the dishes must be selected taking into account the color of the inflorescence and the interior features.

The azalea is propagated by cuttings. It is important to choose the shoots, planting which requires compliance with strict rules. For breeding shoots suitable for 4 - 5 months. It is important that the stem of such a cutting is not stiff, otherwise the plant will not be accepted.The primary planting of cut shoots is made in the ground for flowering flora to a depth of 3 - 5 centimeters.

The rooting process takes about two months. It is advisable to cover the cuttings with an opaque film. Then they plant in a pot, pots - in a word, in the dishes, where the flower will grow in the first year of life. Sand and drainage must be placed on the bottom of the tank.

Azalea is an unusually “capricious” and beautiful plant. Planting shrubs takes a lot of power, care differs complexity and increased attention to the flower. In return, the plant will please with lush flowering that will not leave anyone indifferent. A rare florist today refuses to grow such an interesting, beautiful whimsical flower. Not without reason from the beginning of the 20th century, azalea has become popular in many countries of the world.

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  • How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home

    How to care for azalea at home