Finger play - developing joking!
What is the use of finger games?
Thanks to such fun, the development of fine motor skills occurs. But besides this, they give an opportunity to parents, where there are more than one children, to use all the kids at once - the older ones can study with the younger ones or the parents contact with the children - there are many variations, the main thing is to choose a suitable game.
Finger play makes the fingers dexterous, agile, at the same time the development of the creative abilities of the child.
He becomes more attentive, reacts faster to words and actions, remembers funny poems and songs. In addition, this activity is able to eliminate nervous tension, the kid tunes into the game, forgetting about the troubles.
Finger play is not only a variant of parenting with a child, but also they are in the arsenal of professional teachers and speech therapists.They are used as a discharge between a change of activity or to give the kids some rest. In addition, the finger game is often included in the scenario of entertaining activities.
Some believe that such entertainment is suitable for games with children older than a year, or even later in age. But, in reality, finger games for babies up to one year old are no less important and extremely necessary.
Game moments with the smallest
Experts recommend not to lose time and begin to engage in finger gymnastics when the baby is 2 months old. This will be an excellent advance to the further development of motor skills and speech - after all, the brain areas responsible for these actions are located nearby.
What can be offered to the baby, which just recently came into being? Of course, these should be the simplest exercises, taking into account the abilities of the child in a given age period:
- from 2 months to six months - the touch of the hands of moms are extremely important elements, stroking pens is necessary;
- from 7 to 9 months - the intensity of movements increases, they perform the role of massage;
- from 9 to 18 months - you can play with children using finger toys, balls, beads and other components, but only under supervision.
In games, the attitude is important - the baby must be healthy, cheerful, not wanting to sleep or eat, otherwise it will not be possible to play calmly - the child will be anxious and capricious.
At first, it is recommended to start with touches, pats, cyclic repetition of movements, etc. This is the initial stage of development. For example, such rhymes will do:
“Forty-white-sided, porridge welded, fed the children” - with these words an adult with a forefinger leads to the palm of the baby. “This was given in a spoon, this - in a ladle, this - in a pot, this - in vershok” - you need to bend the fingers of the baby, except for the big one, alternately. “And you, Pohomochek, my kitten, melt the stove, feed the children” - you should gently shake your thumb while holding it over the first phalanx.
"Woodpecker knocks on wood - knock-knock-knock" - one palm is placed vertically, depicting a tree, the second is compressed into a fist - this is a woodpecker. When pronouncing the words, the cam must be tapped on the open palm. “All day in the forest stands a knock, knock, knock” - then the roles of the hand change — the one that was a woodpecker becomes a tree.
“Fly-fly fly” - one hand is a fly, so you need to wave your fingers. "On the jam of the village" - fly-palm falls on the other palm. "Littered the belly" - palms are put one on the other and rotate. “Next flew!” - fly-palm flies.
"The mouse has sat down on a butter dish" - the palm of the right hand covers the left cam. “And the butter dish is a sticky mushroom” - the cam begins to rotate around its axis. "A little mouse sat on it" - you need to palm your hand on the fist. “And stuck, stuck, stuck” - you should try to separate the cam from the palm, but it firmly sticky “fungus” does not let go of the “mouse”, firmly holds it.
The six-month old baby is interested in absolutely all the objects that surround him, touches his hands and always pulls him in his mouth.This feature of the period and can be used in the organization of the game process. As objects used ordinary curlers with cavities inside. They give the baby, showing how you can roll between your palms. Then the adult strung on each of his fingers on a cylindrical curler, and the crumb must them, one by one, to remove. You can try to put them on the fingers of a child, while saying that "this finger was also dressed." Such a manipulation will certainly interest him, and later he will learn to put on cylinders on his mother's and his fingers, and will try to accompany the process with conversations. This is the initial stage that will prepare the child for the game with pyramids and other simple structures.
In fact, there are many variants of games, for some the child may even fall asleep, for others, on the contrary, it shows maximum activity.
Finger gymnastics for a child 1-2 years
This is quite an interesting age - the baby from 1 year is still not able to repeat poems or rhymes behind his mother, but with pleasure reproduces simple movements that are shown to him. The fingers become more mobile, and the child is getting better and better at managing them, changing their position.The more often the gymnastics is conducted, the more successfully the kid copes with the task.
Parents should pay attention to close contact - it is important that the baby is often taken in his arms, put on his knees, hugged, tickled, swung or stroked. This is necessary to ensure that the emotional mood of the baby is stable. You can show imagination and creativity - paint your fingers with paints or clothe them in colorful caps.
This is a great way to stimulate creativity in a child. If the child offers a new movement, such resourcefulness certainly deserves praise.
Additionally, you can use musical accompaniment, selecting suitable children's songs. A child in one year may be interested in playing with balls of metal or plastic - he should roll them along the palm and between the fingers. In addition, the baby can be offered to pick up objects in any container, for example, a plate, strung rings on a stick or insert a picture into a frame.
Finger games for children 2-3 years
From the age of two, the development of a child is gaining unprecedented speed - it changes outwardly, learns to speak and displays a bright personality.Naturally, the lion's share of the influence is the parents, which necessarily affects the outside world of the baby.
He achieves some success - big and small, one often hears the categorical phrase “I myself!” But parents often face the flip side of the coin - the kid often becomes disobedient.
Baby already can the following:
- bend - forward, backward, sideways;
- clap your hands under the bill;
- make wavy movements with hands and arms;
- to depict animals - show horns, ears, wag “tail”, show paws, etc .; such a game can be accompanied by the reproduction of the corresponding sounds - the chicken says “ko-ko-ko-ko”, the kitty - “meow”, etc.
- show a different number of fingers;
- baby learns to jump.
In gymnastics, you can use the question-answer option - the child will be happy to show how a bunny jumps, a cat is washing, pecking chicken grains, etc.Classes will be more interesting if you use pictures, songs, poteshki. And if earlier the child only listened to them and smiled, then in 2-3 years he will strive to repeat after an adult.
With the help of this method, you can introduce your baby with different concepts: size, color, shape. The child learns the names of the fingers, learns the score to 5, learns how to handle smaller items.
Suitable games such as:
“The branches ate trembling” - you need to raise both hands up, fingers spread, and shake hands from side to side; “We are flying on a swing, Moving up and down” - we throw our hands forward, lower them; "Have fun with us." Movement should be soft, smooth.
“I paint with a soft brush” - the pads of the fingers are joined, and the hand makes circular movements from left to right; “A table and a chair and a cat Glashu” - the brush moves from right to left.
Children are happy to depict the swinging trees, fan their imaginary "fan", stamp their feet, imitate hygienic procedures and household actions.
They are more active and quick-witted at this age, which means that parents also need to show imagination and propose various exercises, gradually complicating them, adding various attributes.The baby can be invited to string the beads on the fishing line, button up, untie the knots on the cords, assemble a picture consisting of several parts.
People not only play games, but also learn, and then pass on their knowledge to children and grandchildren. This is an obligatory educational and educational aspect that should be present in the life of every child. And it all starts with the finger gymnastics - the baby feels the caress and care of the mommy, gets acquainted with the outside world and constantly learns while playing.