10 monuments of architecture with unsolved history
Archaeological finds, as a rule, allow scientists to obtain very detailed information about the past. But it happens that the researchers themselves are at a standstill, because they can not explain either the origin or the purpose of the artifacts. In our review of 10 amazing architectural objects found by archaeologists in different parts of the planet.
1. Megalithic temples (Malta and Gozo)
The builders of temples lived on the islands of Malta and Gozo in the Mediterranean Sea for 1100 years (from 4000 to 2900 BC), and then simply disappeared without a trace, leaving only amazing structures behind them. As far as modern archaeologists can judge, neither invasion, nor famine or diseases caused them to disappear. It can be argued that these mysterious people were obsessed with building stone temple complexes - about 30 of them were found on 2 small islands. Researchers found in these temples numerous evidence of sacrifices and complex rituals.
High in the mountains, in the middle of a Siberian lake in 1891, scientists discovered one of the most mysterious structures in Russia - Por-Bazhyn (which means "Clay House"). The age of this structure with an area of 7 acts is estimated at 1,300 years. Despite the fact that more than a century has passed since the discovery of Por-Bazhyn, archaeologists have not come a step closer to unraveling why such a structure was built.
3. Underground pyramids of the Etruscans (Italy)
In 2011, the archaeologist Claudio Bitszarri stumbled upon the Etruscan pyramids under the medieval Italian city of Orvieto. First, archaeologists noticed steps in the Etruscan style, which were carved into the wall of the wine cellar and went down. After the excavation, a tunnel was found that led to a room with walls tilted upwards. Continuing to descend, archaeologists discovered Etruscan ceramics 5-6 centuries BC, a number of other artifacts, whose age was more than 3000 years, and about 150 inscriptions in Etruscan language. In the process of excavation, it was found that the steps lead even lower into the next tunnel leading to another underground pyramid. Excavations are still ongoing.
4. Ancient Tundra (Greenland)
Until recently, geologists believed that during their movement, glaciers play the role of a kind of a skating rink that “wipes” from the surface of a plant and a layer of soil. But now scientists will have to rethink this theory, because under the 3 km thick glacier, the tundra was found in its original form. Plants and soil have been frozen for more than 2.5 million years.
5. The Lost Temple of Musasir (Iraq)
In Kurdistan in northern Iraq, locals have recently found true archaeological treasures dating back to the Iron Age (over 2500 years). Quite by chance, they discovered the bases of the columns (allegedly the lost Musashir temple), as well as other artifacts, including life-size statues of people and goats. The statues are believed to have been an important part of the burial rituals in Urartu civilization. Further excavations are unsafe, as there are many unexploded mines left in this region from the border conflicts of previous years.
6. Palace of the Han Dynasty (Siberia)
When Soviet workers were making a road near the Mongolian border, they accidentally stumbled upon the foundation of an ancient palace in the immediate vicinity of the city of Abakan.By 1940, archaeologists had completely excavated the site, but they could not solve the mystery of the ruins. The age of the ruins of a huge palace of about 1,500 square meters is 2,000 years old. But the palace was built in the style of the Chinese Han dynasty, which ruled from 206 BC. on 220 AD The secret is that the palace was located directly on the enemy territory controlled at that time by the nomadic people of the Huns. Hunnu raids were constant, the Great Wall of China was built to protect them.
7. Seven provincial pyramids (Egypt)
In southern Egypt, near the ancient settlement of Edfu, archaeologists discovered a stepped pyramid, which is several decades older than the Great Pyramid at Giza. Built 4,600 years ago, this three-step pyramid belongs to a group of seven "provincial pyramids", which were made of blocks of sandstone and clay mortar. The pyramid of Edfu is only 5 meters high, although previously it was about 13 meters high. Six of the seven pyramids are almost identical in size and do not contain internal chambers, so they were not intended to be used as tombs. Their purpose is still unknown.
8. Magic Shrines (Armenia)
During the excavations in the years 2003-2011 of the Armenian fortress in the city of Gegharot, archaeologists discovered three sanctuaries, which are about 3,300 years old. They are supposed to be used for fortune telling. In these shrines local rulers predicted their future. In the center of each temple, consisting of one room, there was an earthen pool filled with ashes, as well as ceramic vessels.
9. Buddhist temple (Bangladesh)
This archaeological discovery may shed light on the early years of the life of Atisha Dipankar, a revered Buddhist saint who was born in Bangladesh more than 1,000 years ago. The ruins of a Buddhist city and temple, dating back to about 10 centuries, were discovered in Munshingaj district. Scientists believe that it was in this temple that Dipankar taught his followers before he left for Tibet.
10. Tel Bourne (Israel)
In southern Israel, archaeologists discovered the Iron Age fortification site and numerous artifacts that indicate that Tel-Burna is actually the biblical city of Livny - one of those places where Israelis stopped during the Exodus, when Moses brought them out of Egypt.If this assumption is true, then Telburn refers to the kingdom of Judah, which also included Jerusalem.